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A group of Penn Medicine researchers is set to save lives with cell phone cameras, and they are challenging the public to help. The MyHeartMap Challenge, a month-long contest slated to take place beginning in mid January, will send thousands of Philadelphians to the streets and to social media sites to locate as many automated external defibrillators (AEDs) as they can.
The contest is just a first step in what the Penn team hopes will grow to become a nationwide, crowd-sourced AED registry project that will put the lifesaving devices in the hands of anyone, anywhere, anytime.
Armed with a free app installed on their mobile phones, contest participants will snap pictures of the lifesaving devices — which are used to restore cardiac arrest victims’ hearts to their normal rhythm – wherever they find them in public places around the city. Participants will use the app to geotag the photos with their location and details about the device like its manufacturer.
Then, they will send them to the research team via the app itself or the project’s website. The data collected will be used to create an updated app linking locations of all public AEDs in the city with a person’s GPS coordinates to help them locate the nearest AED during an emergency.
The stakes are high: The person or team who finds the most AEDs during the contest will win $10,000, and the fruits of their efforts could save lives in the critical minutes following cardiac arrest. Participants who find various pre-located “golden ticket” AEDs around the city will also win $50 for identifying each of those devices.
The project is modeled after the DARPA Network Challenge, a crowd-sourcing experiment in which social media users raced to be the first to submit the locations of 10 moored, 8-foot, red, weather balloons at 10 fixed locations throughout the United States.
“More and more, scientists are learning that we can benefit from the wisdom of the crowd,” said MyHeartMap Challenge leader Raina Merchant, MD, MS, an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and a senior fellow in the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
“Participation from ordinary citizens will allow us to answer questions and make the city safer than our team could ever do on its own.” Used in conjunction with CPR, AEDs are an important part of the “chain of survival” needed to save cardiac arrest victims. Even people with no medical training can easily take those steps to help, since many AEDs provide audio instructions that talk users through the process of performing CPR.
In most cities across the United States, less than 10 percent of cardiac arrest victims survive. The MyHeartMap Challenge aims to tap the ingenuity of Philadelphia residents — and others worldwide — for what promises to become a resource that will ferret out thousands of ways to buoy those dismal statistics.
“Philadelphia is home to a vibrant medical community, some of the nation’s top institutions of higher education, and is a growing hub for
new technology development. The MyHeartMap Challenge brings all those elements together to improve the health of our people,” said Donald F. Schwarz, MD, MPH, Health Commissioner and Deputy Mayor for Health and Opportunity for the City of Philadelphia.
“The city has a rich tradition of innovation, and we have what it takes to lead the nation in this new form of lifesaving community engagement.” There is an estimated one million AEDs across the nation, hung clearly on the walls in airports and casinos, but also tucked away in restaurant closets and under cash registers in coffee shops.
Unlike implantable medical devices like pacemakers and artificial joints whose model or serial numbers are reflected in a patient’s medical record in order to notify them in the event of a manufacturer’s recall or other problem, AEDs are not subject to regulations that would allow their makers to know where or when their devices are being used.
Instead, anyone can buy the devices (they cost about $1,500), and there is no uniform system to track their location. A grateful cardiac arrest survivor, for instance, might buy one for their gym to keep on hand — but if no one at the gym knows where it is, or that it is in the building at all, it cannot be counted on in an emergency.
My HeartMap Challenge participants can register as individuals or teams, and the Penn researchers suggest participants develop creative ways to maximize their chances of winning. If, for instance, a team can figure out how to use their social networks via Twitter and Facebook to engage people who work in public locations in Philadelphia to take photos of AEDs, the team could win $10,000 dollars without even leaving their desks.
These “virtual teams” could prove to be faster and more efficient than any individual working alone. Participants can also organize AED scavenger hunts or mini-contests to locate all the AEDs in a workplace building or compete against friends to see who can find the most devices.
The multi-disciplinary project combines the expertise of investigators from Penn’s Center for Resuscitation Science, the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, the Wharton School, the Cartography Modeling Lab, and the Organizational Dynamics Program, and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. The Penn team is also collaborating with resuscitation scientists at the University of Washington and crowd-sourcing experts at MIT.